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Welcome to the Stucture of Reality Website

The author of the works on this website is Gary T Forbat

An introduction to the Structure of Reality theory. This version first published on 7th March 2014


Based on simple perceptive observation the universe appears to extend in all directions to an unknown distance. There are limits to our range of direct observation to some billions of light years distance. Beyond that is not an unknown. Logically it extends further to an equally unnown distance, and so on further and further. A Caresian 3 dimensional geometry clearly defines this relationship, indicating infinity of extension. Time, of course, is a fourth dimension which is a necessary part of this mix. It provides continued existence to the infinitely extended three dimensional spatial structure. With infinity there is no absolute centre location, only relative centres exist. .

In this way it can be viewed as an infinitely extended emptiness providing the room for matter and other things like forces to exist within. Apart from some attributes in common, like three/four dimensionality, matter is certainly not a continuous single infinite entity like the emptiness of space, but is everywhere fragmented in finite structures. A causal evolution of matter exists. Matter parts find interaction through a range of forces. But forces emanate from matter thereby they are a function of matter itself. Matter structures are always in finite form, and on the largest scale relatively evenly distributed through the universe. Beyond direct observation there is nothing to suggest it is not the same further on. There is an infinity of 4d space and an infinity of matter parts distributed inside it throughout the entire infinite universe. At any location there is an equal amount of gravitational attraction coming from every direction so there is no possibility of a gravitational collapse. Everything holds relatively together somewhat like a fabric. On the overall scale it is static flat and infinite universe. On local scales there are variable differences which allow relative situations and events to take place.

There is a problem though. Current ideas project a 'Doppler' effect for the observed redshift of light with distance phenomena. This suggests an expanding space, starting some billions of years ago from a miniscule compression to an almighty explosion referred to as the 'big bang' with everything then racing away from each other. But an idea like this requires more than the observable four dimensions. There are a numbere of difficult questions arising from this view. How can space expand from nothing? How can time not have existed previously? How can all this be compressed to a tiny volume when much smaller compressions tend to explode? All questions relating to such an event turn out to be brain twisters based on purely mathematical formulas that deny the mind's ability to perceive. One might give it the benefit of the doubt, but what if the so called 'Doppler' effect turned out to be something else, not related to spatial expansion or matter recession?

The lensing of light is already well observed as is its associated redshift. We can currently measure major lensing effects. But light passses close to major gravitational objects relatively few times. At the same time the universe is full of graviatation coming from every which direction thereby cancelling out its effect. Only local conditions make a difference with light responding by turning or weaving, however slightly, toward the direction of the dominant local source. All this moving in different directions creates a very slight redhift but over long distances this adds up and gives off an observable reading . The effect is similar to 'Doppler', since redshifts are percentage based. with each turn a percentile change occurs. This mimics a 'Doppler' effect which is currently incorrectly interpreted.

The spatial environment is an infinite emptiness with matter occupying the space inside it. Without matter there can be no time passage recorded. Empty space-time can be thought of as an infinitely extended emptiness existing in a never ending ongoing present. That is the root concept of time previously undiscussed. When matter is added the regular passing of time becomes possible by measuring the steady rythms of material functions. Forces are a function of matter and create interaction between matter parts and creates a 'horizontal' causal evolution. The many variations of the atomic structure create the world of matter that we are part of. But the atomic structure is itself composite, created from a range different parts. At present the main nuclear parts are already known to be also composite. Where does this reduction to a group of smaller interactive parts stop? Or does it stop at all? The search goes on for more particles and modern colliders are discovering many new components. Some unwind into the 'nothingness' seemingly disappearing into the void, too small to detect, or re-integrating into other existing structures.

How far can this reduction process continue? The spatial environment as an infinite emptiness can offer no resistance to further deconstruction into smaller and smaller parts to any degree of minisculity whatsoever to infinity. A simple finite solution, of an ultimate particle downscale has no credence. The search for a finite answer has been long and complex with the utilisation of extra dimensions, but has not yielded any conclusive results. Some of these extra dimensional theories sound very exciting and powerful in inspiring the human imagination into fantasy. Modern art and culture has been greatly influenced by them. But so have many other mystical and fantastical ideas or ghostly tales. As the facts stand at present none of these theories have yet succeed in solving the physics problem in its entirety, not even Quantum or Relativity theories which seem to rule their respective fields of competence, yet unable to reconcile into a single theoretical solution.

There is of course the remaining solution of an infinity of downcale steps into smaller and smaller and yet even smaller groups of interactive parts. Unfortunately the mind can be uneasy on this point as infinity is difficult to accept having been conditioned in our limited experience and observations to finite outcomes. The other difficulty is that infinity can never be proved by direct observation. Yet it does not in any sense mean it cannot be rationally understood. Infinity is not actually counter intuitive, it can be clearly undersood, merely unable to quantify it. If matter keeps reducing infinitely to the interactive function of smaller and smaller parts in a never ending sequence of deconstruction. The roots of each part in this neverending chain holds its own roots in an infinity of further reduction.

Infinte reduction...but there is a lot more to it than just this. The secrets of matter begin to unfold.


An infinite deconstruction to smaller and smaller interactive parts would mean there is no ultimate finite foundation to matter. Yet every structure type deconstructed into, has its roots in a further infinity of deconstructions. In this way matter is certainly not without foundations and very strong foundations. But with the idea of an infinite deconstruction into smaller and smaller interactive elements, another very important question arises. The deconstruction downscale is one way of looking at it, but taken from the other direction, from the small scale upward, the process of structure building eventually reaches the atoms and then does it terminate with our discerned world of matter? It doesn't quite make sense. After an infinity of steps why terminate at this point? Or perhaps it doesn't. Is it possible that the process coninues into the large scales as well? In fact there are large scale structures commonly found like stars and their solar systems, their galaxies, galactic clusters and even larger formations. This may indicate a possible continuance, but how can the large scale structures be seen as part of the same system? How can the micro world of extremely rapid dynamics be compared to the larger scale objects of astronnomy. There seems to be a very slow interaction taking place between parts and there seems no possibility to creating the kind of regions of exclusion observed on small scales.

Yet there may be a way to compare them, however there are crucial time factors to reconsider. These time factors have never yet been subject of discussion. This is a breakthrough in itself and it opens the way to a better understanding of the time dimension. The infinity of spatial extension allows for the existence of any larger size structure whatsoever to infinity. Adding time as continuing into the infinite future, the huge structures of the macro world of astronomy can, with a modification of the time concept, be seen to evolve as rapidly as atoms. It is not actually changing the definition of time but broadening the range of understanding it. A simple thought experiment may clarify the issue.

As the mind thinks way upscale where the huge structures exist. All the interaction at this level would look very slow by our way of seeing it, almost at a standstill. For us to perceive our world of matter a moment of discernment can be defined as a fraction of a second. The moments are tagged together to form a continuous stream. While we define a moment as a fraction of a second, on the large scale this could never be significant enough. However when a moment is redefined to considerably longer intervals, like millions or trillions of years or more, and they are tagged together rapidly as we do our moments, these huge mega-structures of astronomy could be seen with a rapid dynamics comparable to our world of atoms. Any objects existing in this mega world would be made of what would be called their micro base, which is sill immensely huge by our way of looking at it. This opens up the the possibility of understanding other worlds of matter of very large scales. The long intervals turn into a rapid sequence of moments and a perceiving creature created in this environment would see it not unlike we see ours. At those huge scale levels a set of physical laws would be seen as seemingly different yet it is all one physics appearing with variations at different scale levels.

With the redefined moments to rapid sequences of very long periods of our time, perceiving creatures would perceive their mega world to be as rapidly evolving as we see ours. Their perception mechanisms and other instruments would function based on the dynamics of the large scale 'micro matter' base that creates their world. With further matter construction to infinity of large scales many other even larger scale matter style environments could exist, perhaps an infinity of them. In the downscale reduction it is the reverse argument to the upscale, with tiny structures evolving very rapidly and any perceiving creatures that may exist in these downscale materialities would be created by their micro matter base and their world by our view evolving extremely rapidly, but they would also perceive their environment not unlike we perceive ours. From our point of view the evolution of events would be far too rapid and in very miniscule scale to be discerned by us, perhaps ever.

The infinite transformations of the matter process produces infinite layers of different structure types, each spread throughout the entire universe, the same universe but at different scales and different dynamics. Atoms for instance could be said to be spread throughout the universe, as they are. On a larger scale levels it could be said that solar systems are spread throughout the universe, as they are, and then galaxies etc... and the same applies at each level downscale with an infinity of layers upscale and down. This strongly suggests that our matter base has an underlying layer of micro infrastructure.

So far the discussion has been about size differences, but there is the question of dynamics. There is an important dynamic process that drives the entire system. It is cyclicality, but not in the sense of orbital cyclicality only. For instance, a back and forth pulsation can be considered cyclical as can many other configurations. In galaxies with billons of stars there are some that disintegrate and others are created from their debris so there are roughly the same number always. On micro scales electrons cycle very rapidly about (not necessarily around) the nucleus. The cyclical movement is rapid enough to set up a sphere of relative solidity or impenetrability. In turn at the next level downscale the atomic nuclear parts are also composite, created by even smaller interacting parts and they in turn are also composite with cyclical paths considerably shorter at each step downscale. While the paths shorten the speeds at which these shorter paths are traversed are not significantly reduced creating higher cyclical frequencies at each step of reduction downscale. With upscale structuring into the world of astronomy the cyclical paths are considerably longer at each level upscale but the speed at which they can be traversed has a maximum value, so lower cyclical frequencies are inevitable with each upscale transformation. With an infinity of structure layers representing unique and different types of formations both upscale and downscale there can be no limit to variation. Every step upscale or down reveals different configuration types spread throughout the universe.

In summary, the interaction of structures both upscale and down is facilitated by various types of forces. But in fact forces emanate from matter itself and are functions of matter. The dynamics behind the system is is cyclicality. Downscale cyclical frequencies increase, upscale cyclical frequencies decrease. Toward the micro, at present we are looking at several levels deep. Beyond that the minute structure types involved are too small and frequencies too rapid to discern as matter having substance, appearing as energy only. But a zero mass solution is only relative. There is a mass, there is always mass however small. On larger scales at our level of matter discernment we can observe energy stored and transferred from matter to matter. On micro scales energy that may appear without an obvious matter host would have its matter base at micro levels below our discernment capabilities.. In the ultimate terms of the overall reality, our perceived world of substance happens to be positioned somewhere along an infinite chain of upward structuring ranging from infinitely small to the infinitely large. The Structure of Reality theory is unique as it presents a totally self-contained universe, a complete and comprehensive and exhaustive model of reality which can be understood, with nothing required to be brought in from outside its own parameters. It explains what reality is and how it works. It is the foundation concept from which a detailed physics can be generated. It is also the ultimate human understanding of how we fit in and what we are to the overall reality at large.

Above I have presented a viable solution to the understanding of reality. Historically, in the absence of a solution the problem of reality has been ignored and put aside, so long as there exist theories that work well enough on their respective scale levels as do Quantum and Relativity theories. But surely something must be missing. Abstract mathematically based attempts to explain physical phenomena can easily be misapplied and it is difficult to spot incorrect attribution to physical elements. The two main theories of Quantum and Relativity still cannot be completely reconciled and it remains a mystery how Relativity can explain the behaviour of larger scale phenomena but cannot operate well enough on the quantum level, and how quantum physics fails to explain the large scale world where Relativity is so useful. The search for a bridging idea to bring the two theories together has not yielded success for near a century, but not for a lack of trying. Here is a theory that is fully comprehensive and self-contained with nothing imported from the outside to make it seem valid. I believe this is the turning point for future thought about reality. How long it will take for it to be fully recognised I cannot guess. I can only keep refining and perfecting its expression for future generations and bring a new vision to the relatively few who recognise its value today.





The meaning of emptiness of space - 24 September 2016

By simple observation it is obvious that matter occupies a very small amount of the space of the entire spatial environment, but what seems like emty space is not actually empty. It contains those structure types that are already terminated not making it through upscale to be a significant member of a higher level of structure. Considering time adjustment differences, it makes sense that many structure types terminate and only a lesser percentage make it to higher levels. The terminated unseen residual mix is responsible for the universal background radiation.


What is the meaning of c-sq in E=Mc2 - 24 September 2016

This may be just a bit of wild speciulation, an idea at a much too early stage to make definite conclusions. But it brings up an interesting question as to how else mass could be defined and what the 'c' squared stands for. In the equation E=Mcsq why is c squared? In terms if the Structure of Reality theory mass could be seen as consisting of the regions occupied by composing particles multiplied by the regions/areas swept out over a defined interval of time. The mass of an atom, for instance, includes the regions occupied by its components like the electrons and protons and the areas swept out by them over the defined interval. The areas swept out are traversed near 'c' and that may account for 'c'. The second level parts, those composing the protons, electrons etc.. are also sweeping out regios a 'c' and his adds the second level integrating of the two levels to 'c' squared. The residual of other levels below those scales are so insignificant for the purpose as not to be relevant.


Notes on my methodology - 18 September 2016

It is obvious I don't approach the subject through mathematics. The method I use I like to call conceptual representation. These concepts can represent very complex situations, all comprehensible and logically feasible. They can contain large numbers of underlying logical assumptions which can all be tested.

But the theory does not begin with a concept. The initial idea is built entirely on observational factual foundations. We have access to observe the spatial environment and there are facts already derived. Nevertheless there are limits to our observational range, whether observing the macro world of astronomical space or the micro world of atomic and sub atomic particles. With space, powerful telescopes can observe so many billions of light years away, but again there is a limit to the range we can access. Nothing suggest that beyond our observational range there is anything different than in the already observed region. The concept of infinitely extended space can be imagined and its infinity understood.


What is the connection between gravitation and acceleration / deceleration? - 01 September 2016

I will need to go over this again to validate the main points further, but at this early stage I can see a connection between gravitation as we find on large objects like planets or stars. As the Theory goes with the structuring process, we are part of a whole range of larger structures as the system is built upscale. This is clearly described in the Introduction to the Structure of Reality, above. Given this structuring process, every large structure we call a strong gravitational object such as our Earth or the Sun, is a smaller part of larger structures in the infinite upscale process. At each upscale step however there is a cyclical movement involved which is likely to reveal a different direction of travel than recorded locally. Both upscale and downscale different directions of cyclical travel are likely be found and at speeds that can reach near or at the maximum velocity such as the speed of light. In other words, in the overall sense every matter object is moving near or at 'c' in every possible direction at the same time. This creates a whole range of accelerations and decelerations thereby creating the 'G' forces we can measure and experience. .....sorry, out of time....to be continued soon


The invisible micro infrastructure - 01 September 2016

There is a simple answer to the universal background radiation. Einstein’s cosmological constant may have had some meaning after all. If the universe is static and infinite in extent and matter is spread everywhere throughout it on every scale level of the structuring process, there is bound to be a residual matter underlay on micro scales. Not all structure types continue to build upscale. Roughly less than 10% go through to the next level. The other 90% of structure types terminate and become part of the invisible spatial environment. Nevertheless on much larger scales they could form spatial parts of a very much larger structure.

The basic building blocks of our matter environment is made of atoms. Atoms themselves are composite structures made from very much smaller rapidly interacting parts. Further down the scales, below the quarks are the infinite layers of micro residues. Fter a few steps downscale the matter layer parts are so small as to register only an energy reading. The universal background radiation represents this residue. But the scale levels just below the atoms, their parts and the quarks have greatest of influence over our immediate space-matter environment. This seems to be an interactive underlay, the micro infrastructure. This itself is a huge subject to be discussed elsewhere.


Lensing and the Doppler like effect- 01 September 2016

There are no regions in the infinite universe where there are no gravitational forces at play at all. In every corner of space some gravitation is active however slight it may be. As light passes through long distances it is affected by many and varied gravitational forces. It is continually tugged in one direction or another and there is a redshift with each change of direction, however large or small. When what we know as an actual lensing phenomena occurs, there is a very strong gravitational interaction and a significant measurable redshift. The minor changes that occur far from close encounter with a strong gravitational objects are so slight they are not each measurable by current standards. The slight gravitational nudges however add up over longer distances and become significant with a pattern emerging resembling a Doppler effect . But it is an equivalence, not an equality.(see added note on 18 September 2016 above).

The Doppler like effect is achieved by percentile redshifts with each directional change. Very close encounters with strong gravitational objects are relatively rare but over long distances a very large number of varied lesser strength gravitation is encountered each causing a degree of redshift however slight. Over very long distances this becomes significant and a Doppler like effect is observed. Unfortunately this can be erroneously equated to a Doppler effect leading to space expansion theories. In fact the universe is static, infinite in extent, with an infinite amount of matter, while existing in eternal time.


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Gary T Forbat



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