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Welcome to the Stucture of Reality Website

The author of the works on this website is Gary T Forbat

Before proceeding to the main theory, please read the brief introduction to it here below:

An introduction to the Structure of Reality theory first published on 7th March 2014 with many updates since.


Based on perceptive observation, measurements, instrumental observations and rational logic , the spatial universe appears as though extending away from us in all directions to a very long undefinable distance. There are limits to observational distances as they may always be. But the application of pure logic based on what is already observed can project further than the observable. In fact there is nothing within the scope of the observational evidence to suggest that anything different may occur at further distances than what is observed already. Immediately a three dimensional Cartesian geometry comes to mind. It prefectly defines the spatial structure as three dimensional. It works perfectly well in the observable region so what could be different in the further out regions? Extending the Cartesian model past observation clearly suggests the extension to infinity, in all directions. There is no centre. We are located in there somewhere. Time, of course, is a fourth dimension which is a necessary part of this mix. It provides continued existence to the three dimensional spatial structure. This can be defined as the 'spatial environment' which appears to be host to the existence of all things inside it like matter and forces.

In this way it can be viewed as an infinitely extended emptiness providing the room for matter anf forces to exist within it. Apart from some attributes in common, like three/four dimensionality, matter is certainly not a continuous single infinite entity like the emptiness of space, but is everywhere fragmented with finite structure. Matter evolves by interaction through forces. But then, do not forces always emanate from matter? Clearly forces are a function of matter itself and quite possibly interchangeable. Matter is always in finite form, and on the largest scale based on our observational ability, relatively evenly distrivuted through the universe. Beyond observation there is nothing to suggest it is not the same. An infinity of matter parts distributed relativelyevenly throughout the entire infinite universe. That also clarifies why the matter in the universe does not collapse on intelf through gravitation. On these large scales there is an equal amount of gravitational attraction affecting matter from every direction, thereby everything holding relatively together somewhat like a fabric.

Returning to the definition of space, consider only the spatial environment without the matter inside it and space comes up as an infinitely extended emptiness. Space-time is an infinitely extended emptiness existing in a never ending present moment. This is the root concept of time. Once matter is added the passing of time becomes possible. The regularity of the physics and the evolution of material events enables a regular passing of time to be measured and acted upon.

Forces as a function of matter and creating interaction between matter parts, they serve as the engine for change, variation and mutation. For instance , the many variations of the atomic structure with different chemical characteristics create the building blocks of our recognisable world of matter. The atomic structure is itself a composite object with very small parts rapidly interacting through forces between them to create a much larger structure. Atoms contain mostly empty space with tiny rapidly interacting parts creating larger zones of exclusion. At the heart of the atom, the parts of the nucleus are also known to be a product of multiple parts rapidly interacting. The search goes on for more particles and modern colliders are discovering many new components. Some of these once separated from their previously locked in interaction cannot maintain stability and unwind seemingly disappearing into the void. In fact they unwind into their smaller components which are no longer detectable, or re-integrate into other existing structures. With all these downscale discoveries it would not be unreasonable to wonder just how deep downscale the roots of matter extend.

The host environment of space as an infinite emptiness can offer no resistance to further deconstruction into smaller and smaller parts to any degree of minisculity, even to infinity. During previous centuries a finite downscale particle was suggested and more recently extra dimensional finite solutions have appeared with circularity and spatial warping whether convex or concave, multi-dimensional strings and whatever else. The search for a finite answer has been long and complex but has not yielded any conclusive results. The most popular are the ones that are impossible to comprehend by the rational mind on the pretext that the mind cannot comprehend more than the four dimensions. It is hard to argue against something that is totally impossible to be understood. Some of these extra dimensional theories sound very exciting and powerful in inspiring the human imagination into fantasy. Modern art and culture has been greatly influenced by them. But so have many other mystical and fantastical ideas or ghostly tales. As the facts stand at present none of these theories have yet succeed in solving the physics problem in its entirety, not even Quantum or Relativity theories which seem to rule their respective fields of competence, yet unable to reconcile into a single theoretical solution.

If finite solutions fail, as they have, there is the remaining solution of infinite deconstruction. That entails an infinity of steps of reduction into smaller and smaller interactive parts. In the emptiness of space there are no obstacles to continuing the reduction into smaller and smaller more and more dynamic interacting parts with never an end to the process. It only needs the application of the same principles as already observed to even smaller scales beyond our ability of direct observation. Unfortunately the mind can be uneasy on this point as infinity is difficult to accept having been conditioned in our limited experience and observations to finite outcomes. The other difficulty is that infinity can never be proved by direct observation. Yet it does not in any sense mean it is a state that cannot exist. A solution by logical extension not unlike the solution for infinite distances can provide a satisfactory answer. Infinity is a problem for the mind but it is not actually counter intuitive, merely beyond our capacity to quantify in the usual way.

If matter keeps reducing infinitely to the interactive function of smaller and smaller parts in a never ending sequence of deconstruction, the roots of each component particle, wherever it is positioned downscale has its roots in an infinity of further reduction. Just how the reduction process works can be based on our knowledge of how matter reduces within our observable scales and this will be one of the subjects explained in the next section below. But there is more to it than just this.


An infinite deconstruction to smaller and smaller interactive parts would mean there is no ultimate foundation to matter. Yet every structure type deconstructed into, has its roots in a further infinity of deconstructions. In this way matter is certainly not without foundations and very strong foundations indeed. But with the idea of an infinite deconstruction into smaller and smaller interactive elements, another very important question arises. The deconstruction downscale is one way of looking at it, but taken from the other direction from the small scale upward, the process of structure building eventually reaches the atoms and then it seem to terminate with our discerned world of matter. But why stop here? After an infinity of steps why terminate at that point? There is no valid explanation, there are no specific clues. Perhaps it doesn't terminate with our perceived matter. Is it possible to show a continuation of the process into the large scales of astronomy and the universe at large? In fact there are large scale structures commonly found like stars and their solar systems, and on a larger scale galaxies and their larger formations. This evidence may indicate a possible continuance, but how can the large scale structures be seen as part of the same system? How can the micro world of extremely rapid dynamics be compared to what happens on larger scales and beyond in a world with very slow interaction between parts and there seems no possibility to creating regions of exclusion as with the rapid interactive dynamics of atoms.

There is a way to compare them, but there are crucial time factors to reconsider. These time factors have never yet been subject of discussion. This is a breakthrough in itself and it opens the way to a new understanding of time. The infinity of spatial extension allows for the existence of any larger size structure whatsoever to infinity. Adding that the time continues infinitely into the future the structures of the macro world of astronomy can with a modification of the time concept be seen to evolve as rapidly as atoms. It is not actually changing it but broadening of its range to include other ways of considering it.

As the mind thinks way upscale where the huge structures that exist at that scale level. All the interaction at this level would look very slow by our way of seeing it, almost at a standstill. The time factor needs further clarification. For us to perceive our world of matter a moment of discernment can be defined as a fraction of a second. The moments are tagged together to form a continuous stream. While we define a moment as a fraction of a second, on the large scale this could never be significant. When a moment is redefined to considerably longer intervals, like millions or trillions of years or more, and they are tagged together as rapidly as we do our moments, the huge mega-structures of astronomy would be seen with a more rapid dynamics and could then be seen to be evolving not unlike our world of atoms. This way of seeing it can then lead to understanding of the possibility of other worlds of matter on very large scales. The long intervals turn into a rapid sequence of moments and the mega structures evolve rapidly in a causal evolution of events. It would result in a set of physical laws as observable at those levels, but it is all one physics appearing differently at different scale levels.

To understand this mega reality a little better in a thought experiment imagine levels of magnitude upscale at which huge interacting structure types that create another matter style environment, by our way of seeing it extremely slowly, but on the large scale in a matter style environment huge perceiving creatures could evolve. It could be thousands of levels upscale or much more or less. These creatures would be created by their relative micro matter base, which in our terms would still be huge. With the redefined moments to sequences of very long periods of our time, they would perceive their mega world to be as rapid as we see ours. Their perception mechanisms and instruments would function based on the dynamics of the large scale micro matter that creates their world. With further matter construction to infinity of large scales many other even larger scale matter style environments could exist, perhaps an infinity of them. In the downscale reduction it is the reverse argument to the upscale, with tiny structures evolving very rapidly and any perceiving creatures that may exist in these downscale materialities would be created by their micro matter base and their world by our view evolving extremely rapidly, but they would also perceive their environment not unlike we perceive ours. From our point of view the evolution of events would be far too rapid and in very miniscule scale to be discerned by us, perhaps ever.

The infinite transformations of the matter process produces infinite layers of different structure types, each spread throughout the entire universe, the same universe but at different scales and different dynamics. Atoms for instance could be said to be spread throughout the universe, as they are. On a larger scale levels it could be said that solar systems are spread throughout the universe, as they are, and then galaxies etc... and the same applies at each level downscale with an infinity of layers upscale and down. This strongly suggests that our matter base has an underlying layer of micro infrastructure.

So far the discussion has been about size differences, but there is the question of dynamics. There is an important dynamic process that drives the entire system. It is cyclicality, but not in the sense of orbital cyclicality only. For instance, a back and forth pulsation can be considered cyclical as can many other configurations. In galaxies with billons of stars there are some that disintegrate and others are created from their debris so there are roughly the same number always. On micro scales electrons cycle very rapidly about (not necessarily around) the nucleus. The cyclical movement is rapid enough to set up a sphere of relative solidity or impenetrability. In turn at the next level downscale the atomic nuclear parts are also composite, created by even smaller interacting parts and they in turn are also composite with cyclical paths considerably shorter at each step downscale. While the paths shorten the speeds at which these shorter paths are traversed are not significantly reduced creating higher cyclical frequencies at each step of reduction downscale. With upscale structuring into the world of astronomy the cyclical paths are considerably longer at each level upscale but the speed at which they can be traversed has a maximum value, so lower cyclical frequencies are inevitable with each upscale transformation. With an infinity of structure layers representing unique and different types of formations both upscale and downscale there can be no limit to variation. Every step upscale or down reveals different configuration types spread throughout the universe.

In summary, the interaction of structures both upscale and down is facilitated by various types of forces. But in fact forces emanate from matter itself and are functions of matter. The dynamics behind the system is is cyclicality. Downscale cyclical frequencies increase, upscale cyclical frequencies decrease. Toward the micro, at present we are looking at several levels deep. Beyond that the minute structure types involved are too small and frequencies too rapid to discern as matter having substance, appearing as energy only. But a zero mass solution is only relative. There is a mass, there is always mass however small. On larger scales at our level of matter discernment we can observe energy stored and transferred from matter to matter. On micro scales energy that may appear without an obvious matter host would have its matter base at micro levels below our discernment capabilities.. In the ultimate terms of the overall reality, our perceived world of substance happens to be positioned somewhere along an infinite chain of upward structuring ranging from infinitely small to the infinitely large. The Structure of Reality theory is unique as it presents a totally self-contained universe, a complete and comprehensive and exhaustive model of reality which can be understood, with nothing required to be brought in from outside its own parameters. It explains what reality is and how it works. It is the foundation concept from which a detailed physics can be generated. It is also the ultimate human understanding of how we fit in and what we are to the overall reality at large.

Above I have presented a viable solution to the understanding of reality. Historically, in the absence of a solution the problem of reality has been ignored and put aside, so long as there exist theories that work well enough on their respective scale levels as do Quantum and Relativity theories. But surely something must be missing. Abstract mathematically based attempts to explain physical phenomena can easily be misapplied and it is difficult to spot incorrect attribution to physical elements. The two main theories of Quantum and Relativity still cannot be completely reconciled and it remains a mystery how Relativity can explain the behaviour of larger scale phenomena but cannot operate well enough on the quantum level, and how quantum physics fails to explain the large scale world where Relativity is so useful. The search for a bridging idea to bring the two theories together has not yielded success for near a century, but not for a lack of trying. Here is a theory that is fully comprehensive and self-contained with nothing imported from the outside to make it seem valid. I believe this is the turning point for future thought about reality. How long it will take for it to be fully recognised I cannot guess. I can only keep refining and perfecting its expression for future generations and bring a new vision to the relatively few who recognise its value today.





The meaning of emptiness of space - 24 September 2016

By simple observation it is obvious that matter occupies a very small amount of the space of the entire spatial environment, but what seems like emty space is not actually empty. It contains those structure types that are already terminated not making it through upscale to be a significant member of a higher level of structure. Considering time adjustment differences, it makes sense that many structure types terminate and only a lesser percentage make it to higher levels. The terminated unseen residual mix is responsible for the universal background radiation.


What is the meaning of c-sq in E=Mc2 - 24 September 2016

This may be just a bit of wild speciulation, an idea at a much too early stage to make definite conclusions. But it brings up an interesting question as to how else mass could be defined and what the 'c' squared stands for. In the equation E=Mcsq why is c squared? In terms if the Structure of Reality theory mass could be seen as consisting of the regions occupied by composing particles multiplied by the regions/areas swept out over a defined interval of time. The mass of an atom, for instance, includes the regions occupied by its components like the electrons and protons and the areas swept out by them over the defined interval. The areas swept out are traversed near 'c' and that may account for 'c'. The second level parts, those composing the protons, electrons etc.. are also sweeping out regios a 'c' and his adds the second level integrating of the two levels to 'c' squared. The residual of other levels below those scales are so insignificant for the purpose as not to be relevant.


Notes on my methodology - 18 September 2016

It is obvious I don't approach the subject through mathematics. The method I use I like to call conceptual representation. These concepts can represent very complex situations, all comprehensible and logically feasible. They can contain large numbers of underlying logical assumptions which can all be tested.

But the theory does not begin with a concept. The initial idea is built entirely on observational factual foundations. We have access to observe the spatial environment and there are facts already derived. Nevertheless there are limits to our observational range, whether observing the macro world of astronomical space or the micro world of atomic and sub atomic particles. With space, powerful telescopes can observe so many billions of light years away, but again there is a limit to the range we can access. Nothing suggest that beyond our observational range there is anything different than in the already observed region. The concept of infinitely extended space can be imagined and its infinity understood.


What is the connection between gravitation and acceleration / deceleration? - 01 September 2016

I will need to go over this again to validate the main points further, but at this early stage I can see a connection between gravitation as we find on large objects like planets or stars. As the Theory goes with the structuring process, we are part of a whole range of larger structures as the system is built upscale. This is clearly described in the Introduction to the Structure of Reality, above. Given this structuring process, every large structure we call a strong gravitational object such as our Earth or the Sun, is a smaller part of larger structures in the infinite upscale process. At each upscale step however there is a cyclical movement involved which is likely to reveal a different direction of travel than recorded locally. Both upscale and downscale different directions of cyclical travel are likely be found and at speeds that can reach near or at the maximum velocity such as the speed of light. In other words, in the overall sense every matter object is moving near or at 'c' in every possible direction at the same time. This creates a whole range of accelerations and decelerations thereby creating the 'G' forces we can measure and experience. .....sorry, out of time....to be continued soon


The invisible micro infrastructure - 01 September 2016

There is a simple answer to the universal background radiation. Einstein’s cosmological constant may have had some meaning after all. If the universe is static and infinite in extent and matter is spread everywhere throughout it on every scale level of the structuring process, there is bound to be a residual matter underlay on micro scales. Not all structure types continue to build upscale. Roughly less than 10% go through to the next level. The other 90% of structure types terminate and become part of the invisible spatial environment. Nevertheless on much larger scales they could form spatial parts of a very much larger structure.

The basic building blocks of our matter environment is made of atoms. Atoms themselves are composite structures made from very much smaller rapidly interacting parts. Further down the scales, below the quarks are the infinite layers of micro residues. Fter a few steps downscale the matter layer parts are so small as to register only an energy reading. The universal background radiation represents this residue. But the scale levels just below the atoms, their parts and the quarks have greatest of influence over our immediate space-matter environment. This seems to be an interactive underlay, the micro infrastructure. This itself is a huge subject to be discussed elsewhere.


Lensing and the Doppler like effect- 01 September 2016

There are no regions in the infinite universe where there are no gravitational forces at play at all. In every corner of space some gravitation is active however slight it may be. As light passes through long distances it is affected by many and varied gravitational forces. It is continually tugged in one direction or another and there is a redshift with each change of direction, however large or small. When what we know as an actual lensing phenomena occurs, there is a very strong gravitational interaction and a significant measurable redshift. The minor changes that occur far from close encounter with a strong gravitational objects are so slight they are not each measurable by current standards. The slight gravitational nudges however add up over longer distances and become significant with a pattern emerging resembling a Doppler effect . But it is an equivalence, not an equality.(see added note on 18 September 2016 above).

The Doppler like effect is achieved by percentile redshifts with each directional change. Very close encounters with strong gravitational objects are relatively rare but over long distances a very large number of varied lesser strength gravitation is encountered each causing a degree of redshift however slight. Over very long distances this becomes significant and a Doppler like effect is observed. Unfortunately this can be erroneously equated to a Doppler effect leading to space expansion theories. In fact the universe is static, infinite in extent, with an infinite amount of matter, while existing in eternal time.


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Thank you for your time.

Gary T Forbat



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